Stockholmstjejer net escort guideIt is the most widely learned second language and is either the official language or one of the official languages in almost 60 sovereign states. Another productive word-formation process is nominal compounding, producing compound words such as babysitter or ice cream or homesick. "Summary by language size". The table below lists the vowel phonemes in Received Pronunciation (RP) and General American (GA with examples of words in which they occur from lexical sets compiled by linguists. Oxford Learner's Dictionary 2015, Entry "contract". Modern English does not allow the addition of the negating adverb not to an ordinary finite lexical verb, as in *I know not it can only be added to an auxiliary (or copular ) verb, hence if there is no other auxiliary present when negation. 60 Now, do-support with the verb have is becoming increasingly standardised.) The use of progressive forms in -ing, appears to be spreading to new constructions, and forms such as had been being built are becoming more common. Englishes around the world. Retrieved "List of languages by total number of speakers, Ethnologue 2019". Doi :.1016/B /04878-1. There also exists a third common major grouping of English varieties: Southern Hemisphere English, the most prominent being Australian and New Zealand English. Occasional paper Association for Scottish Literary Studies;. Another active word-formation process in English is acronyms, words formed by pronouncing as a single word abbreviations of longer phrases (e.g. As a historical legacy, Indian English tends to take RP as its ideal, and how well this ideal is realised in an individual's speech reflects class distinctions among Indian English speakers. Braj Kachru's Three Circles of English.
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In his model, the "inner circle" countries have large communities of native speakers of English, "outer circle" countries have small communities of native speakers of English but widespread use of English as a second language in education or broadcasting or for local official purposes, and. Hancock, Ian.; Angogo, Rachel (1982). Pronouncing the word "press" almost like "pray-us the pinpen merger, and other distinctive phonological, grammatical, and lexical features, many of which are actually recent developments of the 19th century or later. Willams, Origins of the English Language. Because of the strict SVO syntax, the topic of a sentence generally has to be the grammatical subject of the sentence. 244 Traits that have spread from London in recent decades include the use of intrusive R ( drawing is pronounced drawring /drr t -glottalisation ( Potter is pronounced with a glottal stop as Po'er /po and the pronunciation of th- as /f/ ( thanks pronounced. It has since evolved considerably. One man (sg.) but all men (pl.). English loanwords and calques in other languages English has a strong influence on the vocabulary of other languages.