Hitler favoured the music of Richard Wagner, especially pieces based on Germanic myths and heroic stories, and attended the Bayreuth Festival each year from 1933 to 1942. Hitler's Willing Executioners: Ordinary Germans and the Holocaust. Boczek, Bolesław Adam (2005). Circles of Resistance: Jewish, Leftist, and Youth Dissidence in Nazi Germany. By 1944, the war was consuming 75 percent of Germany's gross domestic product, compared to 60 percent in the Soviet Union and 55 percent in Britain. By 1930 the nsdap won.3 of the federal vote, making it the Reichstag's second largest political party. A major plot by men in the upper echelons of the military originated in 1938. German citizens had access to information about what was happening, as soldiers returning from the occupied territories reported on what they had seen and done. The Nazi regime dominated neighbours through military threats in the years leading up to war. Up to 60,000 Waffen-SS men served in the camps. Radicalisation of the Persecution of the Jews by Hitler at the Turn of the Year 19411942. Many sorties were intentionally given civilian targets in an effort to destroy German morale. Wheeling, IL: Harlan Davidson. The Nazis used propaganda to promulgate the concept of Rassenschande race defilement to justify the need for racial laws. As the bill required a two-thirds majority to pass, the Nazis used intimidation tactics as well as the provisions of the Reichstag Fire Decree to keep several Social Democratic deputies from attending, and the Communists had already been banned.
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With Hitler's approval, Himmler intended that the new society of the Nazi regime should destigmatise illegitimate births, particularly of children fathered by members of the SS, who were vetted for racial purity. Austrian and Czech foreign exchange reserves were seized by the Nazis, as were stockpiles of raw materials such as metals and completed goods such as weaponry and aircraft, which were shipped to Germany. Hitler's refusal to admit defeat and his insistence that the war be fought to the last man led to unnecessary death and destruction in the war's closing months. Retrieved Overmans, Rüdiger (2000) 1999. Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press. By January 1939, unemployment was down to 301,800 and it dropped to only 77,500 by September. Participants included Generaloberst Ludwig Beck, Generaloberst Walther von Brauchitsch, Generaloberst Franz Halder, Admiral Wilhelm Canaris, and Generalleutnant Erwin von Witzleben, who joined a conspiracy headed by Oberstleutnant Hans Oster and Major Helmuth Groscurth of the Abwehr. During the war, Poland lost an estimated 39 to 45 percent of its physicians and dentists, 26 to 57 percent of its lawyers, 15 to 30 percent of its teachers, 30 to 40 percent of its scientists and university professors, and 18 to 28 percent. Lanham, MD: Scarecrow Press. Each group was subject to different regulations.
controlled artistic expression, promoting specific art forms and banning or discouraging others. This meant the only non-political institutions not under control of the nsdap were the churches. Overy argues that the bombing strained the German war economy and forced it to divert up to one-fourth of its manpower and industry into anti-aircraft resources, which very likely shortened the war. Denmark fell after less than a day, while most of Norway followed by the end of the month. Germany remained divided until 1990, when the Allies renounced all claims to German territory with the Treaty on the Final Settlement with Respect to Germany, under which Germany also renounced claims to territories lost during World War. They believed Britain would go to war over Hitler's planned invasion of Czechoslovakia, and Germany would lose. While Evans remarks that the era "exerts an almost universal appeal because its murderous racism stands as a warning to the whole of humanity young neo-Nazis enjoy the shock value the use Nazi symbols or slogans provides. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. The previous day, the cabinet had enacted the "Law Concerning the Highest State Office of the Reich which stated that upon Hindenburg's death the office of president would be abolished and its powers merged with those of the chancellor. Alfred Rosenberg, head of the nsdap Office of Foreign Affairs and Hitler's appointed cultural and educational leader for Nazi Germany, considered Catholicism to be among the Nazis' chief enemies. Das Sonderrecht für die Juden im NS-Staat: Eine Sammlung der gesetzlichen Maßnahmen und Rechtlinien, Inhalt und Bedeutung (in German) (2nd.). Newspaper readership plummeted, partly because of the decreased quality of the content and partly because of the surge in popularity of radio. University of California at Berkeley.
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Beiträge zur Militärgeschichte (in German). The law was only loosely enforced, and in spite of a ban on vivisection, the Ministry of the Interior readily handed out permits for experiments on animals. In France, an estimated 9,000,000 tonnes (8,900,000 long tons; 9,900,000 short tons) of cereals were seized during the course of the war, including 75 percent of its oats. Hjalmar Schacht, President of the Reichsbank and Minister of Economics, created a scheme for deficit financing in May 1933. New York; Oxford: Berghahn Books. The Allies received information about the murders from the Polish government-in-exile and Polish leadership in Warsaw, based mostly on intelligence from the Polish underground. Food was in short supply in the conquered areas of the Soviet Union and Poland, as the retreating armies had burned the crops in some areas, and much of the remainder was sent back to the Reich. Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press. The law also permitted the Nazis to deny citizenship to anyone who was not supportive enough of the regime. New York; Toronto: Penguin. Retrieved Stein, George (2002) 1966.
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