Dating violence a critical review of the literature sollentuna

dating violence a critical review of the literature sollentuna

Thus, brief motivational interventions that are designed to decrease ambivalence for change, while supporting self-efficacy, have been implemented with broad success among college drinkers ). Dating violence among college students is a widespread and destructive problem. For instance, Banyards Bringing in the Bystander program ( Banyard, Moynihan,., 2007 ; Moynihan Banyard, 2008) attempts to reduce sexual aggression by showing how all community members have a role in preventing aggression, and by challenging common attitudes, myths, knowledge, and behaviors supportive. Riggs OLeary, 1996 ) are among the risk factors shown to increase ones risk for perpetration of psychological, physical, and sexual dating violence. Psychological aggression and negative communication patterns share some overlap ( Cornelius., 2010 ; Ro Lawrence, 2007 and reducing coercive communication patterns (e.g., demand/withdraw) may reduce psychological aggression. Thus, systematically reviewing the literature on the association between substance use and dating violence will help researchers and clinicians clarify whether adding substance use components to existing and newly developed prevention programs may enhance their effectiveness. Unfortunately, there has been less attention paid to dating violence prevention programming, and existing programs have been marred with methodological weaknesses and a lack of demonstrated effectiveness in reducing aggression. For instance, substance use by one or both partners may increase the chances of arguments between partners, leading to reduced relationship quality and, in turn, aggression. Risk factors have been defined as "attributes or characteristics that are associated with an increased probability of its reception and/or expression" (Hotaling Sugarman, 1990. The current review attempted to suggest new avenues for dating violence prevention programming, as existing efforts at reducing dating violence have largely failed to prevent aggression. (2006), It is crucial that programs measure the skills that intervention strategies intend to change in order to understand whether changes in specific skills are ultimately responsible for behavior change (p. Continued empirical research is needed to help clarify the mechanisms responsible for the association between substance use and IPV victimization. Their intervention primarily focused on physical aggression, and future motivational interventions could also place more emphasis on psychological and sexual aggression. Future programs could build on the intervention in several ways. This approach may prove more efficacious in reducing both substance use and aggression due to an increased focus on both, although longer interventions may be necessary.

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Further, given that Safe Dates was developed specifically for high school adolescents, and has only had outcomes examined with a Southern, rural sample, it is unknown whether extrapolating this program to college students would be effective. These discussions could be modified and extended to include the role of physical and psychological aggression in dating relationships, as myths supportive of these behaviors have been related to actual aggressive behavior. It should be noted that this study examined aggression perpetration without regard to whom the aggression was against (e.g., partner, stranger)., also using a sample of college students, found results that were consistent with Heppner and colleagues. Indeed, Cornelius and Resseguie (2007) stated that dating violence prevention programs would be remiss if they did not attempt to target psychological aggression in their programs, as this would be limiting the conceptualization of dating violence. These programs are largely predicated on the assumption that peer influences are an important factor in promoting behavior change and reducing beliefs supportive of sexual aggression may help to reduce assaults. Shorey, Cornelius, Bell, 2008a ). This is just one of many bystander-based programs developed for sexual assault among college students. Linehan (1993) has outlined specific skill sets that comprise DBT, all of which appear applicable to treating and reducing dating violence behaviors. While the majority of these programs have shown an ability to change attitudes supporting aggression, this does not necessarily equate to reduced aggressive behavior. It occurs in heterosexual and same-sex relationships and cuts across racial/ethnic and socio economic lines. Their review of nine IPV prevention programs, including six high school adolescent dating violence programs, found no studies to have randomly assigned participants to groups and only four that included follow-up assessments. As mentioned previously, psychological aggression is one of the strongest and most consistent predictors of physical aggression in dating relationships. We first present a brief overview of the prevalence and negative consequences of dating violence.

dating violence a critical review of the literature sollentuna

: Wheres the Context Within the past 2 decades, however, researchers have significantly advanced our knowledge of the variables associated with dating violence. This critical article provides a comprehensive review of the current body of literature on dating aggression. Following topics as they pertain to this decades literature on dating violence : how adolescent dating violence is defined and measured, the prevalence of such violence, what factors influence dating violence for teens, and what types of programs might be effective means of prevention. Teen Dating Violence : A, review of, risk Factors and Prevention Efforts. An Analysis of Violence in Teen Dating Relationships Issues in the dating violence research: A review of the Examining Dating Violence in Adolescent Relationships Dating Violence Prevention Programming: Directions for These rates are higher when verbal abuse is included in the definition. Teen dating violence appears to parallel violence in adult relationships in that it exists on a continuum ranging from verbal abuse to rape and murder (Sousa, 1999). The Dating Violence Literature Today: Wheres the Context?

Teen victims may be especially vulnerable due to their inexperience in dating relationships, their susceptibility to peer pressure and their reluctance to tell an adult about the abuse (Cohall, 1999). Group DBT prevention programs would allow researchers to teach a large group of participants the necessary skills to refrain from violence perpetration, and easily allow for rehearsal, role-playing, and modeling of skills learned. Researchers could implement mindfulness interventions and not necessarily discuss directly how increased mindfulness may reduce dating violence behaviors, discussing the program as a means of reducing stress and improving ones quality of life. That is, greater alcohol use was associated with more sexual aggression for men who reported low, but not high, levels of dispositional mindfulness. It is our hope that this review will provide new directions for prevention programming and lead to research on the effectiveness of such programs, as dating violence is a serious problem that needs more attention directed toward prevention. These rates are higher when verbal abuse is included in the definition. Especially encouraging is a program demonstrating long-term behavioral change. A number of factors to consider when implementing dating violence prevention programs were also identified (i.e., individual. These interventions generally consist of one or two 45 minute, individual sessions, where personalized feedback on alcohol use and alcohol-related consequences are provided in a motivational format. Furthermore, distal factors, such as personality traits and relationship discord, interact with acute alcohol use to increase ones risk for aggression. Because aggression can be maintained by reinforcing consequences Waltz, 2003 a behavioral analysis would allow one to determine whether contingency management interventions are needed, and/or inform interventionists on the antecedent conditions (e.g., anger; deficiencies massage gamla stan doc johnson in emotion regulation) that should be targeted. For instance, acute alcohol use may make negative situational factors (e.g., negative affect) more salient due to decreased information processing capabilities, causing an individual to focus their attention on the negative aspects of a situation, thus increasing ones risk for aggression. Most obvious is the greater physical harm that can be inflicted by male violence due to males' often greater size and strength. Indeed, research indicates that substance use is temporally related to victimization experiences (e.g., which is consistent with Leonards theory and the proximal effects model. Cornelius Resseguie, 2007 ; ; Shorey, Cornelius, Bell, 2008b indicating that different prevention programs are needed. One of the most important methodological considerations when implementing programs, and one that has been surprisingly ignored in previous research, is longitudinal data on the efficacy of the program. Risk factors are correlates of dating violence and not necessarily causative factors.

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  • Aims/Goals, dating violence (DV) is defined as physical violence used by one dating partner with the intent to inflict physical harm on another that is accompanied by psychological, verbal, and/or sexual abuse (Anderson Danis, 2007; Sugarman Hotaling, 1989).
  • Even with these high statistics, teen dating violence is thought.
  • To be underreported in the literature, with more teens experiencing teen dating violence.

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In fact, researchers are beginning to modify this approach to target dating violence, with results of their effectiveness pending examination (Hines, personal communication). Alternatively, researchers could discuss with participants how the skills learned could help to reduce conflict with intimate partners, such as by becoming more aware and mindful before reacting, lessening the risk that psychological and physical aggression may occur. We also discuss methodological issues to consider when implementing dating violence prevention programs. Indeed, one of the major limitations of previous prevention efforts has been a lack of longitudinal data examining whether the intervention resulted in reduced aggression over time ( Cornelius Resseguie, 2007 ; Whitaker., 2006 ). From our perspective, it is important that researchers examine all types of dating violence and not limit their conceptualization and assessment to just one form of aggression, since all three types of aggression are prevalent and often co-occur. Because existing interventions for dating violence, and IPV broadly, have been largely ineffective, we present a number of intervention approaches that could be examined with college students. Fruzzetti and Levensky (2000) have discussed how DBT for violence should include validation skills, which are designed to increase ones level of empathy toward oneself and others. Results showed that the motivational intervention group, when compared with a non-motivational, minimal feedback intervention group, reported less physical aggression and harmful alcohol use 9 months post-intervention, and that reduction in psychological aggression predicted reductions in physical aggression 9 months post-intervention. Bystander programs have been shown to reduce sexual aggression perpetration. However, as reviewed. Males and females generally perpetrate similar levels of psychological and physical aggression, with males often being more likely to perpetrate sexual aggression (.

dating violence a critical review of the literature sollentuna